Highway shipping is an inherently dangerous occupation. Long hours combined with massive, fast-moving semis make a recipe for peril.
For this reason, industry standards exist to reduce the number of trucking accidents. Some drivers ignore the laws established by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Trucking companies may cut corners or encourage ignoring the rules to maximize productivity.
Working brakes are always a necessity in vehicles. That said, they are especially vital for semis. The weight inherent in their massive size necessitates extra time to stop. Guidelines insist that brake chambers receive specific adjustments. Truckers may inadvertently violate the rules if they do not perform brake inspections. They should do this before and after every run.
Proper headlights are necessary for haulers to see at night. Headlamps need specific wattages. Reflective tape is also a frequent prerequisite. Truckers should have spare bulbs and fuses at the ready.
Falling asleep at the wheel is a particular risk. The peril increases with every hour on the road. Thus, there are limits on how long operators may travel at once. Every long hauler needs to keep thorough log books detailing time driven. Someone receiving pressure to reach a destination fast may succumb to falsifying records.
The FMCSA requires drivers to understand English well enough to read highway signs. They should also be able to carry on a reasonable conversation. Trucking companies must conduct comprehension tests before hiring someone.
When shipping agencies violate the rules, they put everyone on the road at risk. Abusing the laws could cause serious injury or death.